The Great Wall was built by millions of laborers and witnessed hundreds of battles. It still stands today and is worthy of being one of the greatest wonders of the world.
Although it attracts many tourists every year, the origin and real reason of the birth of the Great Wall of China is still a mystery until now. By going back in history, examining the structure, and searching for evidence and records, scientists attempted to unravel the mysteries surrounding this magnificent structure. In the following article, let’s repeat the things that not everyone knows about the Great Wall of China 1. Building the Great Wall of China is a punishment for criminals
During the Qin Dynasty, building, maintaining, and supervising Great Wall activities was a regular form of punishment for convicts. At that time there were no machines, so all construction had to use human power. In the case of crimes such as tax evasion, which can be punished by building a wall or spilling building materials, it is extremely difficult and dangerous. Along with the prisoners against me, the Great Wall was also built by soldiers and civilians. 2. The Great Wall of China is gradually “disappearing”.
Compared to many constructions in the world, the size of the Great Wall of China in China is extremely impressive. However, the fortification of this structure faces many threats. According to Travel China Guide, the Great Wall of China is “disappearing” “over the years”. Statistics from UNESCO show that almost a third of this work has disappeared. The main cause is believed to be due to the effects of nature, weather, as well as human erosion. However, there are still parts of this building that are well preserved and maintained. 3. The Great Wall of China was built over thousands of years The Great Wall of China was not built in one go, but took many years to get the structure it is today. This fortified city wall was built over many of China’s feudal dynasties over the course of 22 centuries. The remains to date are mostly from the Ming Dynasty. This dynasty built and repaired this magnificent structure for more than 200 years. 4. The Great Wall of China is more than 2,300 years old
This most magnificent structure in China was built in the 2nd century BC. Built during the reign of Qin Shi Huang and is more than 2,300 years old. 5. The number of visitors can be up to 30,000 people per day
Before the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, popular areas of the Great Wall of China could receive up to 30,000 visitors a day and more than 10 million visitors a year. Badaling is home to the most-visited section of the Great Wall, located 80 km northwest of Beijing’s city center. This place belongs to Yanqing District, Beijing. 6. The Great Wall is a discontinuous structure
This may come as a surprise to many, but as the China Travel Guide explains, “The Great Wall is a defensive network composed of many walls and forts built in different historical periods, with some passages scattered while others parallel the construction of the Great Wall
In the Book of Poetry, an ancient collection of poems written between the 11th and 7th centuries B.C. Written in 300 BC, it is predicted that the largest structure in the world will be built in this country. The poems within the poems address China’s need to defend itself against invaders with a retaining wall structure. This is also the oldest collection of poems found in this country of billions of people. 8. There are still traces of artillery shells
Looking at the long history of the Great Wall, it is not difficult to see that this work is still marked by traces of the past. The Gubeikou section of the Great Wall is located in Miyun District, about 140 km from Beijing, where visitors can see the shell-studded walls firsthand. This is the scene of fierce fighting between the Chinese and Japanese armies in the 1930s.9. The Great Wall is the longest structure ever built.
The Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built by human hands. According to the Daily Mail, the total length of the Great Wall of China built during different dynasties is 21,196.18 km. 10. Sticky Rice Mortar
Most of the Great Wall of China is made of ordinary building materials such as stone. However, glutinous rice is included in mortar formulations due to its superior adhesiveness. Many studies show that the compound amylopectin (the compound that creates adhesion) in glutinous rice helps the wall become stronger and more durable. 11. The Great Wall of China cannot be seen from space
Opinions are divided as to whether the Great Wall can be seen from space. Since man reached into space, this view has been refuted. Astronaut Neil Armstrong is among those claiming it. 12. The Great Wall of China honors legendary figures Along the Great Wall of China are temples and memorials to famous figures in Chinese history. Guan Yu, a Han Dynasty general who lived in the 3rd century, is honored with a temple built here. In addition, many other points on the Great Wall are used to pay respect to the Heavenly King (the Four Heavenly Kings in Buddhism). 13. Poor Wall Defense Despite efforts to build the Great Wall of China as a military defense, many of the country’s enemies have been defeated in the past. In the 17th century, the invasion of Manchuria also led to the fall of the Ming dynasty. 14. Bricks from the Great Wall are used to build houses
The impact on this magnificent structure does not always come from hostile forces from outside. During the proletarian Cultural Revolution of 1966-1976, kilometers of the Great Wall were destroyed as bricks were removed to be reused to build houses, farms and reservoirs. This resulted in many sections of the Great Wall being destroyed or seriously degraded thereafter. 15. Many people try to conquer the Great Wall on foot
A British tourist, author of the book Alone on the Great Wall, walked 2,470 km along the route of this structure built in the Ming Dynasty. Meanwhile, another man, Ooi Thean Hin, spent eight years traversing parts of this magnificent structure. The journey started in September 2009 and ended in October 2016.
Source: INN NEW YORK CITY